The government is seeking to stabilize the population by 2045 in line with the National Population Policy 2000 and the National Health Policy 2017, the union minister informed while answering a question.
The minister, in a written response, said the government had made efforts to successfully bring population growth under control.
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Pawar said the total fertility rate was reduced to 2.0 in 2019-21, according to the National Family Health Survey-5 (NFHS 5), – which is below replacement level – while fertility rates in 31 of 36 states and UT were observed to have come down to fertility replacement level in the same survey.
The use of modern contraceptives has increased to 56.5% and the unmet need for family planning is only 9.4%, Pawar added.
She said that according to the census sample registration system, the crude birth rate (CBR) fell to 19.7 per 1,000 people in 2019.
Watch: Discussion of Population Control Bill in Rajya Sabha
Participating in a discussion on a private member’s bill proposed by Rakesh Sinha of the BJP, which seeks to regulate the population by promoting a policy of two children per couple, many opposition members argued that it does not States must not lose central allocations that are based on population. Watch the exciting discussion here.
(With PTI inputs)