Nine lawyers and human rights experts have released their opinions after hearing allegations of torture, rape and inhuman treatment in two testimony sessions this year.
The tribunal was set up at the behest of the World Uyghur Congress, the largest group representing Uyghurs in exile, which is pressuring the international community to act against China over the alleged abuses.
Beijing criticized the Uyghur tribunal, which is not affiliated with any government, as a false “anti-China” slander and imposed sanctions on its president.
In a 63-page report, the panel said there was no evidence of massacre, which was the traditional test for genocide under international law.
But he said he was convinced beyond a reasonable doubt that the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) “intended to destroy a significant part” of the Uyghur Muslim minority in the northwest of the country and as such. “committed genocide”.
The CCP has implemented “a comprehensive system of measures to” optimize “the people of Xinjiang” to reduce the Uyghur birth rate, including forced sterilization, birth control and abortion.
“The Uyghur population in future generations will be smaller than it would have been without these policies. This will result in partial destruction of the Uyghurs,” he added.
“Consistent with the use of the word ‘destroy’ in the Genocide Convention, this satisfies a prohibited act required for proof of genocide. ”
Panel chairman Geoffrey Nice, a former UN war crimes prosecutor, and other members acknowledged that the testimony came from people opposed to the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the CCP.
But they also examined thousands of pages of documentary evidence from independent researchers and human rights organizations.
The panel concluded that hundreds of thousands of Uyghurs, and possibly more than a million, had been detained without cause and treated in cruel and inhuman ways.
He said he was convinced beyond a reasonable doubt that the torture was committed “by or at the instigation, or with the consent or assent of public officials or other persons acting in an official capacity. of the PRC and / or the CCP ”.
She confirmed the allegations of imprisonment, forcible transfer, enforced disappearances, rape and sexual violence, persecution and inhumane acts at the same level of evidence.
“The tribunal is satisfied that a comprehensive plan for the promulgation of multiple but interrelated policies targeting Uyghurs has been formulated by the PRC,” he added, claiming that President Xi Jinping and other senior officials “carry primary responsibility “.
The plight of the Uyghurs has helped worsen diplomatic relations between the Western powers and Beijing, which denies any abuse.
The United States has called China’s treatment the genocide of the Uyghurs and is organizing a diplomatic boycott of the upcoming Winter Olympics in Beijing along with several other Western countries.